History of Coffee in Nepal

Coffee, a favorite drink enjoyed all around the world, has become an important part of Nepal’s culture. The interesting history of coffee in Nepal makes this drink more special. From its global appeal to its unique significance in Nepalese culture, coffee holds a special place in the hearts and traditions of this country.

More than just waking you up, coffee is like a special tradition, bringing people together and giving them a break from daily routines. It’s not just a pick-me-up; it’s a way for people to connect, have lively chats, and feel a sense of togetherness. Join us as we embark on a journey to uncover the heart and soul of coffee, its integral role in Nepalese culture, and the fascinating heritage that has influenced its evolution.

History of Coffee in Nepal

In 1938, Nepal’s first taste of coffee can be credited to the hermit Hira Giri. According to the National Tea and Coffee Development Board, Giri ventured from Myanmar and brought back seeds, which he then carefully planted for the first time in Aapchaur, Gulmi. This moment marked the initiation of the history of coffee cultivation in Nepal laying the foundation for a tradition that would flourish across the country.

Through the government’s efforts and commitment to organic farming, the coffee industry in Nepal has done well and is known internationally for its great flavors. Even though Nepalese coffee farmers faced challenges, they stayed determined and added cultural elements to make coffee more than just a drink—it’s now a symbol of connection. As the industry looks to the future, it’s concentrating on making high-quality, sustainable coffee that can be enjoyed globally. The future of Nepalese coffee looks bright, and people who love coffee are encouraged to try the unique taste of this Himalayan gem.

Types of coffee in Nepal

Nepal takes pride in its diverse range of coffee varieties, each one boasting distinctive flavors and characteristics. Among the most notable ones grown in Nepal are the following:

  1. Pacamara: This variety, with its large bean size, is also cultivated in Nepal, offering a unique flavor profile that combines characteristics of both the Pacas and Maragogipe varieties.
  2. Geisha: A prized variety gaining recognition in Nepal, Geisha coffee is celebrated for its distinctive floral and fruity notes, providing a unique tasting experience.
  3. Bourbon: Contributing to the diverse flavor palette, Bourbon coffee in Nepal is known for its sweetness and bright acidity.
  4. Arabica: Nepalese Arabica, cultivated prominently in regions like Ilam, is celebrated for its nuanced flavors and mild acidity.
  5. Robusta: Grown in Nepal, Robusta coffee is known for its bold and robust flavor profile, offering a stronger taste and higher caffeine content.
  6. Typica: Found in various Nepalese regions, Typica coffee is recognized for its well-balanced flavor profile, combining acidity and sweetness.
  7. SL28 and SL34: Originating in Kenya, these varieties have found a home in some Nepalese coffee farms, adding to the unique cup profiles of Nepalese coffee.
  8. Caturra: Known for its compact size, Caturra is another coffee variety found in Nepalese plantations, contributing to the country’s diverse coffee offerings.
  9. Catimor: A hybrid variety, Catimor, is cultivated in Nepal, known for its resistance to certain diseases and its distinctive cup profile.

Coffee Production Area in Nepal

Nepal’s coffee production is a beautiful patchwork of diverse regions, each adding its unique element to the country’s rich coffee culture. The main areas that stand out for their contributions are:

  1. Ilam: This eastern region boasts an ideal combination of misty hills and optimal altitude, making it a prime location for producing top-quality coffee.
  2. Nuwakot: Nestled in the central region, Nuwakot’s terraced fields and distinctive climate are key components in creating the distinct flavors of its coffee.
  3. Dhading: Known for embracing coffee cultivation, Dhading’s terraced landscapes and favorable altitude provide the perfect environment for cultivating exceptional coffee.
  4. Lalitpur (Kathmandu Valley): In the bustling Kathmandu Valley, Lalitpur stands out as a vibrant coffee hub. With its exquisite microclimates and elevated terrain, the city is teeming with a variety of coffee beans.
  5. Gulmi: History and coffee meet in the scenic region of Gulmi, known as the birthplace of Nepalese coffee. Its rich topography showcases a diverse range of coffee types.
  6. Kaski: In the west, Kaski is noteworthy for coffee cultivation, with varying elevations and landscapes shaping unique coffee characteristics.

Export-Import Trend of Coffee in Nepal

The import and export trends presented in the following table are based on information from the National Tea and Coffee Development Board.

BSADExport Qty(Kg)Import Qty(kg)

Plantation and Production Trends of Coffee in Nepal

The Plantation and Production trends presented in the following table are based on information from the National Tea and Coffee Development Board.

Fiscal Year (BS)Fiscal Year (AD)Plantation area(ha)Production(MT)


When envisioning the future of Nepalese coffee, we cannot overlook the obstacles that lie ahead, such as improving infrastructure and gaining market access. Yet, amidst these challenges, lies an array of opportunities for growth and innovation. By prioritizing sustainable practices and exploring unique coffee varieties, Nepal can establish a strong presence in the global market.

A vital aspect of this development is investing in education and skill development, in which the Galaxy Training Institute plays a crucial role in providing top-notch barista training. As a beacon of excellence, the institute not only raises the bar of standards but also cultivates a passionate community. By blending traditional practices with modern training techniques, we can ensure a robust, sustainable, and enriching future for Nepalese coffee.

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